DSM-5 Dissociative Disorders

Dissociative Disorders wordcloud
The newest guide to psychiatric diagnosis is the DSM-5, released in 2013.[1] It lists these Dissociative Disorders: Dissociative disorders are mutually exclusive and appear in a hierarchy, with Dissociative Identity Disorder taking precedence over Dissociative Amnesia and Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder.[1]:192 Dissociative Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (DDNOS) was replaced by Other Specified Dissociative Disorder and Unspecified Dissociative Disorder.[4] Dissociative disorders were included in the DSM-I as "dissociative reaction", and became a separate category in the 1980, with the publication of the DSM-III.[3] In that edition, Multiple Personality Disorder became a separate diagnosis rather than a subtype of a more general condition. MPD was renamed Dissociative Identity Disorder in the 1994 DSM-IV. [4],[1]:191

DSM-5 Conversion Disorders which are Dissociative Disorders in the ICD-10

The other main diagnostic manual is the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11), which the World Health Organisation.[2] Dissociative convulsions (pseudoseizures), Dissociative anaesthesia and sensory loss, and Dissociative motor disorder are all recognized in the DSM-5 but are part of the Conversion Disorders section, which is also known as Functional Neurological Symptom Disorders (FND). In the ICD-10 these disorders are within the Dissociative [Conversion] Disorders section. [2] All other dissociative disorders in the ICD-10 have equivalents in the DSM-5 Dissociative Disorders section. [1]

The Core Symptoms of Dissociative Disorders

Dr Marlene Steinberg, who developed the Structured Clinical Interview for Dissociative Disorders to assess dissociation, analyzed the characteristics of dissociative disorders, finding that each dissociative disorder could be described and understood using a combination of one of five core symptoms: The Five Core Components of Dissociative Disorders


1. Black, Donald W. (2014) (coauthors: Grant, Jon E.). DSM-5 Guidebook: The Essential Companion to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. American Psychiatric Pub. ISBN 9781585624652.
2. World Health Organisation. (2014) Classification of Diseases (ICD). Retrieved November 16, 2014, from http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/revision/en/
3. Task Force on Nomenclature and Statistics American Psychiatric Association. (1980). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3d ed.). Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association.
4. American Psychiatric Association. Task Force on DSM-IV. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-IV. (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. ISBN 0890420610.
5. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-5. (5th ed.). Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association. ISBN 0890425558.
6. Steinberg, M., & Schnall, M. (2001). The Stranger in the Mirror: Dissociation-The Hidden Epidemic.HarperCollins. ISBN 0060954876, ISBN 0062063227.
7. Steinberg, M. (1995). Handbook for the Assessment of Dissociation: A Clinical Guide. American Psychiatric Pub. ISBN 0880486821.

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